Pyrolysis, Combustion and Gasification of Biomass (PCGB-2020)
• 大类 : 工程技术 - 1区
• 小类 : 农业工程 - 1区
• 小类 : 生物工程与应用微生物 - 2区
• 小类 : 能源与燃料 - 2区
The growing concerns over the availability and environmental consequences associated with the fossil hydrocarbons have led to the shift for usage of renewable resources. Among the renewable sources of energy, biomass is the only source of renewable organic carbon. Lignocellulosic biomass is a complex biopolymer of cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin. It is important to achieve optimal utilisation of each component or the substrate as a whole to improve the economics of a biorefinery.
Researchers all over the world are trying to develop processes to utilize waste (solid, liquid and gas) and renewable resources as they do not cause the climate change problems for the production of energy. Solar, wind, tidal, geothermal energy, etc. can be used for the production of power/ electricity but the organic carbon required for the production of liquid hydrocarbons/biochemical has to be obtained from lignocellulosic/aquatic biomass.
Thermo-chemical methods of conversion have some advantages and are complementary with bio-chemical routes. Under the umbrella of thermo-chemical methods, several processes, i.e., pyrolysis, combustion and gasification can be utilized depending on the feedstock availability/ characteristics and end product requirement.
Advances in analytical chemistry and computational modelling for detailed structure of the biomass and direct bioengineering strategies for targeted properties. Refinement of biomass pre-treatment technologies has further facilitated the fractionation of biomass components and enables catalytic modifications for desired chemicals and physical properties of targeted products (fuels, chemicals and special products).
This special issue would be a step in fulfilling the gap in knowledge on pyrolysis, combustion and gasification of lignocellulosic and algal biomass and lead to advancement of knowledge on the subject matter including techno-economic evaluation and life-cycle analysis of the conversion methods.
Detailed analysis and development of analytical methods for (physicochemical and spectroscopic) lignocellulosic/algal biomass
Development of novel catalytic materials for the production of bio-oils by pyrolysis/hydrothermal
Novel reactors (batch/continuous) for biomass conversion
Strategic design of catalyst/process for targeted compounds from biomass