Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment
Call for abstracts for a virtual special issue of Transportation Research Part D on the Topic: “High-Speed Rail and the Environment”
• 大类 : 工程技术 - 3区
• 小类 : 运输科技 - 3区
High-speed rail (HSR) has received growing attention worldwide since its launch in 1964. The system, which is able to run at a speed of 250 km/h or higher, provides a high-quality substitute for short- and medium-distance flights, bus services and driving. HSR is generally considered more energy efficient given it is operated on electricity, and is more sustainable than petroleum-based transportation systems. While many countries, such as France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Japan and China, have already developed interconnected HSR systems at various scales, other countries, such as the United States, India and Malaysia, are still debating whether the gigantic costs of HSR infrastructure development could be offset by the benefits that the system is expected to generate. Many studies have attempted to evaluate the socioeconomic impact of the deployed HSR systems from an ex post perspective. However, there is a lack of understanding of the extent to which the world’s now mature HSR infrastructure has affected the environment, energy consumption, and quality of life. Furthermore, the transportation system as a whole is facing considerable challenges to manage its environmental impacts to minimize disruptions to human society and the climate. The increasing amount of destabilizing events, such as extreme weather events, man-made hazards, and technological system failures, have raised concerns about the sustainable operation of HSR systems over the long run. As a result, it becomes essential to have a deeper understanding of the impact that HSR has on the environment so that effective planning and policy strategies could be developed to enhance the resilience of the system and support the goal of sustainable development.
We invite submissions that explore issues related to HSR and the environment, using new data, methods and concepts. Potential topics include, but are not limited to, the following:
The issues of energy use (e.g. the structural change of energy consumption, efficiency of energy use comparison) during the process of HSR infrastructure development and/or the operation of the system;
Impacts of HSR development and operations on CO2 emissions and air quality;
Impacts on land use – including sprawl, community severance, and risks to biodiversity;
Impacts on economic development, travel behavior, and time use;
Impacts on human health and quality of life;
Assessment of the vulnerability and resilience of HSR to unexpected events, such as man-made disasters, natural hazards, and technological system failures;
Planning and policy analyses to support developing a resilient and sustainable HSR system; and
New approaches (e.g. new data and novel methods) for HSR project appraisals.