Special Issue on Functional Materials for Desalination
• 大类 : 工程技术 - 1区
• 小类 : 工程：化工 - 1区
• 小类 : 水资源 - 1区
Desalination of seawater and the treatment of waste water has become necessity processes to meet humanity needs for fresh water. The two most prominent desalination technologies are thermal and membrane-based desalination processes. There are several challenges and potential areas to improve in the existing desalination processes. Improvement efforts target to lower energy consumption and operational cost. Challenges such as selectivity, efficiency and fouling prevention can be addressed through the development and integration of functional materials in the desalination technologies. Functionality comes from innate properties of materials with unique structures that allow the material to perform certain functions of their own. Materials with properties such as magnetic, electrical, photocatalytic are being utilized to perform specific functions in desalination technologies. This special issue will present current research efforts to utilize existing functional materials and to develop new materials with special functionality and tested to improve the performance of desalination processes.