Noninvasive neuromodulation and language processing
• 大类 : 医学 - 3区
• 小类 : 听力学与言语病理学 - 2区
• 小类 : 神经科学 - 4区
Recent years have witnessed remarkable advances in the ability of neuroscience to characterize and influence brain circuits that drive cognition and behavior, including within the language system. Noninvasive neuromodulation techniques such as transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and different forms of transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) have emerged as especially powerful and useful tools, both for interrogating intact language centers experimentally and for promoting recovery in patients with language deficits. Importantly, noninvasive neuromodulation techniques can be combined readily with cutting-edge advances in brain imaging, cortical neurophysiology, and network neuroscience in order to make increasingly sophisticated inferences about the structure-function relationships that underlie language processing, the mechanisms by which neurologic disorders negatively impact communication ability and the ways in which novel brain stimulation interventions may ameliorate these deficits. In this special issue, we will explore how technologies like TMS and tES are being currently employed to help establish causal relationships between the neural processes and language functions and examine how these tools can be paired synergistically with other emerging and rapidly accelerating methodologic and theoretical approaches. We will also present promising evidence that suggests that noninvasive neuromodulation tools may be soon ready to be employed clinically in order to enhance recovery from aphasia, either in the context of stroke or neurodegenerative disorders.