Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice
Special Issue: Design, management, sustainability and evaluation of transportation systems in the Arctic
• 大类 : 工程技术 - 3区
• 小类 : 运输科技 - 3区
The Arctic provides numerous benefits and should have promising economic development in the long run. First, it offers a distance shortcut between North America, Europe and Asia. Second, it is an area that includes wide hydrocarbon fields. Third, it has a potential to attract cruisers and passenger vessels during the summer season. Notwithstanding these positive elements, a number of challenges remain ahead.
Analyzing the development of the Arctic and in particular the Arctic economic activities such as shipping, requires to consider numerous aspects (Lasserre, 2014): governance, legal framework, environmental protection and shipping infrastructure. The management, feasibility and profitability of the different development options of the Arctic are impacted by harsh climate conditions, a very low density of population and the remoteness of human settlement. It is also influenced by the difficulty to reach the oil and gas fields, as well as minerals mines, and to export them to their final markets outside the Arctic zone (Faury and Cariou, 2016).
Severe climate conditions (extreme cold, ice presence, permafrost and long period of darkness) combined with remoteness and low density of human infrastructures also represent a risk for the human activities in this area, both on sea and on land.
Moreover, the extraction of hydrocarbons and minerals, the sustained growth of shipping, the construction of plants and ports entail more risks for the fragile Arctic environment. Whereas the continued investments in Search and Rescue centers, their density is still obviously too weak in regards of the extreme low resiliency of the Arctic ecosystem. Besides, there has been no ban so far either on the carriage or the use of Heavy Fuel Oil and the Arctic is not yet categorized as an Emission Control or Particularly Sensitive Sea Area.
Thus, to offer a sustainable socio-economic development, different policy options and numerous tools are designed to address these issues. From a legal point of view, the recent IMO Polar Code sets out mandatory safety and environmental requirements for Arctic navigation. From a risk management point of view, forecasting the ice conditions via the use of Big Data may avoid the risk of ice related blockages, collision, oil spills, and hull damages. Anticipating the climate conditions may also help the management of mega-projects such as the implementation of new ports or plants and the supply of local communities settled in remote areas.
By positioning itself within the editorial line of Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, this special issue aims to contemplate the numerous aspects related to the Arctic activities, and shipping in particular, in a framework of utmost respect for its fragile and low resilient environment. As such themes of interest include: design of transportation systems, socio-economic development, ports and shipping infrastructures, governance and Arctic shipping law or legal frameworks, risk management.
Contributions have to be original and fit with one of these themes.
1. Design and operations of transportation systems for the Arctic
a. Bulk shipping
b. Liner shipping
c. Cruise navigation
d. Multi-model transportation
f. Container transportation
g. Cost and profit
h. Flow optimization
i. Network design
j. Economic models
k. Sustainable/green navigation
l. Emission Control Areas
m. Emissions from shipping activities
2. Socio-economic development
a. Supply of the local communities
b. Road and railway development
c. Raw materials exploitation
d. Project management
3. Ports and infrastructures
c. Hinterland – foreland
f. Ports systems and hub
4. Governance and legal aspects
a. International legal framework (safety, security and environment)
b. Arctic shipping law
c. Relation between international and national legal issues