“Low-carbon and Sustainable Energy System in China” Special Issue of the Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews
• 大类 : 工程技术 - 1区
• 小类 : 能源与燃料 - 2区
This highly solicited special issue in the Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews journal will address the latest status of renewable energy systems as drivers for low carbon pathway for China. This is an ongoing transformation since the first driving force for the rapid growth of China’s economy has been fossil fuel based systems. In China today, over 88% of its energy is still driven by fossil fuel, and nearly 62% is contributed by coal consumption. With scarce oil and gas reserves, China’s dependence ratio of imported oil had reached 70% in 2017 which is expected to reach 77% by 2030. This coal-dominated energy supply does not only make China the top CO2emitter in the world, but also causes prominent impacts on its own eco-environment and health. Clearly, a substantial transition to renewable and sustainable energy systems is extremely urgent for China not only to reduce energy security risks and relieve carbon emission pressures but also meet air quality needs for its population.
At the Paris Agreement in 2015, China pledged that (i) its carbon emissions will peak by 2030 or earlier, (ii) reduce its carbon intensity by 60-65% and (iii) raise the non-fossil energy share to 20% of its total primary energy consumption. To achieve these goals, both the energy supply and consumption demands have to be revolutionised. For the energy supply side, coal production must be replaced by cleaner energy derived especially by renewable energy. For the energy consumption, energy efficiency and saving measures will be needed as they are a backbone to the overall energy transition. Although the necessity of energy transition is indisputable, few efforts have been made to evaluate its overall feasibility, including the design of transition technical route, and identifying the desired low-carbon strategies for China. Hence, several areas arise which will need to be addressed in a systematic manner. These include: (a) identifying the potential for saving energy and reducing carbon emissions in cities and key industrial sectors (b) from economic and environmental prospective, to what extent renewable energy could substitute fossil energy, and (c) how much could renewable energy and energy efficiency could contribute to achieving the energy saving and emission mitigation targets in the multi-level jurisdictions in China? All these areas pose a series of challenges to decision makers, managers, and researchers in China with some implications across the world.
The main purpose of this special issue is to provide a viable understanding of the salient issues in progressing China to a low carbon pathway. The contributed articles will provide sharing of experiences and facilitating further discussion to build on in the future. This we feel will help promote research, development and application in the areas of renewable energy, climate change, energy saving and greenhouse gas emission reduction. It will also help demonstrate the leading role of the Renewable & Sustainable Energy Reviews journal in addressing the low carbon agenda in China.
The scope of the special issue will mainly focus on the above highlighted issues and will also include but not limited to the following:
Energy transition in China;
Status-quo and challenges of renewable energy and energy efficiency development in China;
Learning from international experience of low-carbon energy systems and transformation that will be of relevance to China;
Environmental co-benefit of renewable energy alternatives in China;
Low carbon development roadmap for China;
Planning, optimization and simulation of energy systems an dthier effectiveness.