Physical, Economic and Social Vulnerability and Resilience across Scales
• 大类 : 地学 - 4区
• 小类 : 地球科学综合 - 4区
• 小类 : 气象与大气科学 - 4区
• 小类 : 水资源 - 4区
The earth system involves complicated interactions and feedbacks in various components. Among all the interactions, climate change, land use change, energy and water resources utilization, food production, and ecosystem services degradation stand out as much discussed examples of such interactive processes that have a strong global characterization. Along with the developing process of human society, humans are facing multiple challenges as the growing conflict between environment and social-economic system which lead to frequent extreme climate events, water scarcity and poverty. Unite Nations promoted Sustainable Development Goals to deal with problems. Initiative from UN include “Build the resilience of the poor and those in vulnerable situations and reduce their exposure and vulnerability to climate-related extreme events and other economic, social and environmental shocks and disasters” and “Strengthen resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries”.
Urbanization, massive carbon emission, deforestation and agricultural expansion are just a few examples of human-induced threat eventually leading to vulnerability that influence human well-being. At present, vulnerability of socio-economic systems and poverty are highly associated and directly affects livelihood risks, thereby affecting sustainable livelihoods. Vulnerability and resilience are the core theory of the conceptual framework of the social-ecological system. For sustainable development, it’s a challenge to systematically and quantitatively analyze the physics and economics between human and ecosystem based on both physical and economic processes. To promote low carbon and eco-efficient urban development that enhances sustainable lifestyles and livelihoods is a solution to alleviate the pressure and stress of the system. In this regard, it is of great academic values and practical decision support significance to adapt climate change, reduce poverty, eradicate hunger, improve resource utilization efficiency and eco-efficiency, enhance the level of urban ecology and urban management and services, perfect the institutional mechanisms and promote the wellbeing for all.
Our knowledge on vulnerability and resilience is still limited. To make the sustainable development possible from the perspective of physics, economics and social across scales, the interactions among the socioeconomic systems and the ecological systems should be clearly investigated, which not only involves the natural physical process, but also the human process. We welcome the submission of high-quality conceptual and empirical papers for ideas and inspirations to the topics as follows:
(a) Interaction analyses of climate change, ecosystem system and social-economic system;
(b) Observation and modelling of the effects of climate changes and adaption management on ecosystem and social-economic system;
(c) Exploring human-environment coupling system across scale;
(d) Assessment of social and economic system vulnerability and resilience;
(e) Calculation of eco-efficiency and environmental efficiency and identification of their key limiting factors.