Special Issue on "Design and optimization of future cleaner vehicles of better fuel economy"
• 大类 : 工程技术 - 1区
• 小类 : 能源与燃料 - 2区
• 小类 : 工程：化工 - 1区
Developing successful and cleaner electrified powertrains and propulsion systems, to be destined to the widest deployment within the entire transport sector, is nowadays considered as a highly strategic target, to be pursued both by incumbent OEMs and newcomers to help achieve a really sustainable mobility paradigm worldwide. Such a target fully complements other key objectives, such as the progressive intensification of synergetic integration between onsite renewable-based stationary generation (i.e. microgrids), smart fleet management and clean propulsion. Moreover, recent proposals of major automakers indicated how fuel cell propulsion is now ready to become a strong competitor of other sustainable mobility technologies, such as electric and hybrid vehicles, thanks to its high fuel-economy (km/kg), reduced environmental impact (especially from a tank-to-wheel point of view) and good ranges. Therefore, higher attention shall be paid on the integration of fuel cell vehicles with stationary hydrogen storage, in such a way as to promote both fuel cell technology, including reversible electrochemical devices, as well as the use of hydrogen as the fuel and energy vector of the future.
Currently, it appears that there are manufacturers and assemblers able to start a mass production phase for hybrid, electric and fuel cell vehicles; nevertheless, the market is still not ready to justify significant investments in this direction. Therefore, involved researchers are asked to develop procedures and find suitable solutions to achieve a critical market demand. This will significantly speed-up the achievement of production masses complying with both business and technology development needs. Successful achievement of the above-introduced challenging targets motivates the current special issue proposal, which focuses on the development of advanced optimization tools aimed at accomplishing successful design of the cars of the future. The best solutions shall be determined aiming not only at ensuring cost-effectiveness, but also guaranteeing reliable and versatile online energy management, as well as exploiting to the maximum extent the knowledge on both established and innovative automotive materials and structures. This way, the road will be paved towards the fruitful exploitation of conceptual design approaches in determining what the best vehicles of the future will be.
This special issue welcomes original research on conceptual design of future vehicles, with particular focuses on optimization analyses, including but not limited to the following aspects:
Vehicle design and optimization: why advanced design and optimization methods approach are so strategic with respect to successful market penetration of cleaner future vehicles, particularly of fuel cell hybrids? How can such tools help developers and OEMs in introducing new competitive products?
Optimal energy management and control: how and why can advanced versatile control strategies support the success of electrified and fuel cell powertrains? What is the link with optimal design? How can future control strategies benefit from the expected increase in the adoption of cloud sharing in fleet management and adaptive control of vehicles alone or as part of a large fleet?
Alternative transportation solutions for urban mobility: How and why can alternative solutions contribute to mitigating the impact of the entire transportation sector on global warming? Can the synergies between new mobility and smart cities help improving or at least preserving industrial productivity, while guaranteeing healthy air quality? Should new transportation solutions simultaneously focus on one or both mobility of people and goods shipping and delivery? Why?
Alternative energy storage and propulsion systems: What are pros and cons of currently adopted solutions (i.e. batteries)? How can fuel cells and hydrogen complement battery energy storage and overcome its limits? What are the current issues associated with hydrogen production, shipping and storage? What could be the benefits of strengthening the synergies among onsite renewable generation, vehicle electrification and increased usage of fuel cell propulsion?
Autonomous Vehicles and Connected vehicle technologies: How do autonomous and connected vehicle technologies help solving the complex interactions between vehicles, infrastructure and the people that operate them? What are the interrelations with environment and system performance degradation? Do they hinder the positive impact of autonomous driving and cloud-sharing? What are the benefits of wide-spread deployment of electronic-horizon and ADAS in terms of drive increased safety, convenience and environmental benefits on the world roads and highways?
Economics of emerging vehicle ownership models in sharing economy: What are the crucial (internal and external) factors for the vehicle sharing economy? How to predict market trends using modeling and simulation technologies? How to make competitive strategies in vehicle sharing economy?
New materials and modelling approaches: How to select the most appropriate vehicle body architecture in the conceptual phase of vehicle development? How to estimate the potential of hybrid vehicle body construction design for the targeted improvement of conventional structural components? How to (topologically) optimize vehicle components made of hybrid materials? How to build a knowledge system for multi-material design in vehicle development?
Higher-performance-oriented design and testing of key powertrain components: New powertrain concepts trigger new challenges in design, control, vibrations, comfort and performance optimization of more electric vehicles. How can multilevel modelling, laboratory scale testing and intelligent management drastically reduce time-consuming vehicle testing and calibration cost?
Structural design oriented to vehicle fuel savings: How to master the uncertainties in vehicle structural design? Why are structural durability approaches so strategic with respect to the assessment of the design, dimensioning and service life of components and structures? How can such tools help developers and OEMs in introducing new lightweight construction with pronounced safety and reliability? How important is the validation of innovative materials finalized to lightweight vehicle design?
New mobility paradigm: New mobility paradigm: Future vehicles will be more and more used as “service of transportation”. The Autonomous driving is going to change the role of driver and passengers, as well as the paradigms of configuration and usability of car interiors. How will this paradigms change affect the future vehicle design? How will the new interiors designs affect fuel consumption and components packaging?
Software V&V (Verification&Validation): The number of measurement-based embedded systems increases continuously in automotive and avionic industries, as well as in the structural monitoring. How should automatic functional testing be introduced at both MiL (Model-in-the-Loop) and Hardware-in-the-Loop (HiL) test environment? Why are such tools expected to ensure the complex embedded systems compliance with robustness requirements by developers and OEMs?