Special Issue on "Novel techniques for managing and processing information in the Web, Mobile, and IoT technology era"
• 大类 : 工程技术 - 3区
• 小类 : 计算机：信息系统 - 3区
The World Wide Web, once a single interconnection of static, physically distributed content passively accessed by human users through personal computers, is constantly evolving. During the explosion of Web-based social networks the Web evolved into an environment allowing millions of users worldwide to interact and collaborate in the creation of user-generated content within many virtual communities. In this line, Web 2.0 is the umbrella term used to encompass several developments which followed, namely social networking sites and social media sites (e.g., Facebook), blogs, wikis, folksonomies (e.g. Flickr), video sharing sites (e.g., YouTube), Web applications ("apps"), collaborative platforms, and mashup applications. Many technologies such as HTML 5, CSS3, AJAX and client-side scripting helped to bring these ideas into practice.
Moreover, the current Web can be seen as an evolutionary step from the Web 2.0 in that access to content is nowadays ubiquitous, and content itself is far more heavy and heterogeneous than ever. First, ubiquitous access has been mainly pushed by the inception of mobile computing and mobile devices; in fact reports show that by 2020 the number of mobile device users will be about 70% of the global population. Second, served and published Web content is not only those following traditional interchange formats (text, images, video) but also e.g. executable code/Web APIs (e.g. Mashape.com, ProgrammableWeb.com), from which new applications can be built and in turn published back to the Web. The recent notion of "Web of objects", which find its root in Web-accesible IoT applications, promotes the interconnection of hardware elements capable of producing huge amounts of sensor data.
Moreover, the role of Web application end users and Web developer/designers is nowadays somewhat blurry, due to modern Web technologies that greatly simplify the creation/deployment of rich Web sites and mobile applications that might consume Web-accesible services and data. In addition, the advent of Semantic Web technologies pave the way to the creation of intelligent applications, and thus the tandem human user-browser is no longer the only way to take advantage of Web content.
In this context, the huge and heterogeneous nature of today’s Web content, in addition to the different sources of clients exploiting it (regular users, developers, automated applications) calls for advanced information processing and management techniques to answer the following research questions: how to extract and learn valuable information from existing Web content? how can different Web sources be fused/aggregated to produce new, consistent information? How to ensure scalability in light of huge sources of Web data? In short, novel approaches and techniques are needed to address the increasing complexity of the Web that is coming and the applications therein. We solicit high-quality papers proposing solutions and approaches to cope with these problems.