Special Issue on Ecosystem resilience and human impact in the Pacific Oceanscape: current status and future directions
• 大类 : 环境科学与生态学 - 3区
• 小类 : 环境科学 - 3区
• 小类 : 海洋与淡水生物学 - 1区
Human activities produce a range of stressors in the marine environment which have direct and indirect effects on people, planet and prosperity. Marine ecosystems across the Pacific are being increasingly affected by stressors such as pollution, overfishing, ocean acidification and increasing frequency of extreme weather and warming events. These stressors, which operate cumulatively at varying spatial and temporal scales, are leading to ongoing and pervasive degradation of many Pacific marine ecosystems. Consequently, it is important to understand the vulnerability of the Pacific to future environmental scenarios, and to what extent management actions can build ecosystem resilience and maintain ecosystem service provision.
Climate change is a global issue and the impacts of a warming world threatens much of the Pacific and impacts on the socio-cultural, environmental, economic and human components of Pacific countries and their oceans. However, resilience to climate change is reduced if systems are overburdened through stressors, such as pollution and overfishing. This special issue will explore many of these pressures though case studies across Pacific islands, and the impacts of individual and cumulative pressures on the resilience, health and survival of Pacific ecosystems. This work will focus on the impacts of multiple stressors and provide insight into how ecosystem resilience can be built to accommodate future climate change impact scenarios. With an increasing rate of degradation of ecosystems in the Pacific, this timely special issue will identify guidance for improving resilience through management of local and regional issues, whilst working towards a global solution for climate change.
We welcome papers that present original work from across the Pacific, either at a regional level or a specific country. We welcome climate-based papers, papers on water quality, reporting and assessment of seagrass and coral reefs and the interaction of local pressures (pollution, fisheries) with climate and the role of these impacts on resilience. We welcome papers on local and global issues and discussion of management, policy and incentives that encourage solutions to the impacts and provide answers to sustainable human intervention in the unique Pacific system.