Special Issue on Blockchain-as-a-Service for Industrial Internet of Things and Big Data Applications (Baas-iot-big-data)
• 大类 : 工程技术 - 2区
• 小类 : 计算机：理论方法 - 2区
With the progressive development of information technology, the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) has become an essential component of the industrial systems. It connects billions of devices, intelligent and autonomous machines, industrial equipment, etc., to generate an unprecedented volume of industrial data. This humongous data has given birth to Big Data typically characterized by the 5V's, i.e., volume, velocity, variety, veracity, and variability. Thus, handling this massive amount of data in an efficient, secure and economical manner has become problematic. Further, the number of IoT devices is expected to surpass 50 billion by 2020 which in turn will open doors for a plethora of potential security and privacy risks. With such an exponential increase in the data, penetration of security threats in the IIoT domain will also witness a significant blow in the years to come. Amongst these, security and privacy issues will be the most crucial concerns. As IIoT has limitless applications in a wide variety of domains such as transportation systems, e-healthcare, smart grids, etc., the ongoing explosion in security breaches may diminish the confidence of industries towards the adoption of the IoT technology. To potentially overcome the deficiencies of IIoT, it requires a quick turnaround. Although there exist several works that address the security and privacy challenges in IIoT, limited research efforts have been made in providing distributed trust, security and privacy.
In order to cater to the problems mentioned above, blockchain has emerged as a dynamic and fast-growing research area that allows data and transactions to be recorded in a reliable and verifiable way. As a revolutionary technology, it combines distributed data storage, point-to-point transmission, consensus mechanisms, and encryption algorithms to record data and transactions efficiently. In order to simplify the management of trusted information over the communication networks, it provides several characteristics like decentralization, persistency, anonymity, and audit-ability. Thus, the convergence of IIoT with blockchains can potentially overcome the deficiencies of IIoT and Big Data Applications (BDA). Consequently, their wide-scale realization in the industrial domain can cater to a wide variety of services ranging from agriculture, healthcare, and power systems to retail, finance, and advertising. However, employing blockchain mechanisms in communication networks still has some technical challenges and limitations. For instance, efficient and reliable means to achieve interoperability between different blockchains is one of the significant problems. Additionally, another critical issue that requires serious attention relates to the minimization of overhead associated with blockchains. On top of these challenges, the adaptability of blockchain in IoT is still in its infancy and requires designing a concrete consensus for the same. Thus, the practical amalgamation of blockchain with IoT will serve as a new revolution in realizing the next generation IIoT and BDA.
Thus, this special issue aims to bring together researchers, developers and industry experts in order to foster the investigations on cutting-edge research and allowing one to contribute in advancing the blockchain innovation. With this topic, the research community from worldwide can expand an important discussion on the limitations of current state-of-the-art solutions and develop new algorithms, technologies and protocols for addressing the various security, privacy and authentication issues in blockchain-IIoT/BDA integration.
Potential topics include, but are not limited to:
New architectures, frameworks, and models
Blockchain for lightweight protocol designs
Emerging applications of blockchain in Cloud, Edge and Fog computing
Blockchain based lightweight protocols for future wireless IIoT applications
AI and ML based blockchain solutions for distributed systems
Blockchain in energy management/smart grids
Advancement of Blockchain in Cyber-Physical Systems
Distributed Blockchain Architectures for SDN and NFV